f67v RIGHT

 

 f67v,  Voynich Manuscript. Credit: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.

I suggest this folio shows the eclipse of 1054 AD as seen from Kaifeng, North China, the capital of the Song Dynasty.  The central Sun image on the folio does not have the appearance of the image on f 67r left, which has been suggested to portray a total eclipse.  In central China the eclipse was total but official observations were made in the capital where it would have been observed as a partial eclipse.  For clarity a star map showing the total eclipse in Central China has been used which does not alter the details appreciably but makes it easier to pinpoint the actual eclipse.   No doubt a total eclipse, which may have been missed by the emperor who would have been in the area observing only a partial eclipse would be a more critical omen for the emperor, but easily hidden from him.

Sun image?  f67v, cropped, Voynich Manuscript. Credit: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.

 

This folio has three blue/green stars on bottom the left quarter and a distinctive join of two of the Suns rays at 2 O' clock.  Bearing in mind that this folio is possibly still likely to be discussing the eclipse of AD and SN 1054 ,and in combination with the topic and the eye markers I have settled on this possible scenario for the folio.  When compared to a Lopan (Lopan by Dr. David B. Kelley) an ancient Chinese North Pole centred star map, the blue/green stars fit the general locations (lunar mansions) of other solar eclipses in the time before and after SN 1054 (1053-1054, possibly 1052 also Orp/Sco).  The markers around the edge which I have needed to estimate the positions of the missing markers adds up to 16 which tends to define it as a compass, when north, east, south and west are lined up with the Lopan the constellations (Lunar Mansion) fall roughly into position also.  The distinctive join of two of the Suns rays at 2 O' clock becomes the Pisces/Aries border and defines the beginning of the Western Zodiac.  The eye markers look to the North and Lunar Mansion 19 (Taurus and SN 1054).

 

 

ECLIPSES 1052-1058 AD VISIBLE IN NORTH CHINA

 

Date

Constellation

Type as visible in North China

 

24/111052 Ophiuchus/Scorpio Partial, non-central
13/11/1053 Scorpio/Ophiuchus Partial, central
10/5/1054 Taurus Partial, central (total in Central China)
12/9/1056 Virgo Partial, non-central
22/8/1058 Crater/Leo Partial, central

/8/1058

 
Image: Dr. David B. Kelley.  Reproduced with permission.  f67v, Voynich Manuscript. Credit: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.  Overlay by P.Han showing comparison of main points of interest to Lopan by Dr. David B. Kelley.   

If the central image is taken to literally be the partial eclipse, then when this is placed over the actual position of the eclipse the eye markers of the Sun image look at SN 1054 and the Hyades.  The two stars in that sector of the folio image may represent SN 1054 and Mars which is next to it or SN 1054 and the Pleiades among possibilities.

Total solar eclipse.  Credit: Redshift6.  Horizon based star map, west, 10/5/1054, Central China.  f67v,  Voynich Manuscript. Credit: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Overlay by P.Han showing comparison of main points of interest to Lopan by Dr. David B. Kelley/Credit: Redshift6.  Horizon based star map, west, 10/5/1054, Central China. Overlay by P. Han showing SN 1054 and the Hyades. 

 

When taking the convergence point of the 16 outer markers on the folio to be the North Pole (or Polaris) and lining this point up with the NCP on a star map of the eclipse, lining up the Equinoxes as indicated on the folio by the Lopan, the eyes look generally North and to Aquarius, and to SN 1054.  However, an interesting thing happens when transferring this to a Horizon based map and treating the intersection of the eye markers as the NCP point and keeping the north eye marker pointing north, the map swings round a little and the position of SN 5 BC? is indicated.  These are explorations into what may be shown and what also may be intentionally hidden.

 

f67v,  Voynich Manuscript. Credit: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Overlay by P.Han showing comparison of main points of interest to Lopan by Dr. David B. Kelley/Credit: Redshift6.  Horizon based star map, west, 10/5/1054, Central China.  Comparison of eye markers to Lopan and North Celestial Pole centred star map.  f67v, Voynich Manuscript. Credit: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Overlay by P.Han showing comparison of main points of interest to Lopan by Dr. David B. Kelley/Credit: Redshift6.  Horizon based star map, west, 10/5/1054, Central China.  Comparison of eye markers to Lopan and Horizon based star map.  Overlay by P. Han highlighting SN 1054, the eclipse and SN 5 BC?

 

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Copyright 2010 P. Han